Written by 11:23 PM Dog Breeds

What does a Jack Russell Terrier look like: the dog’s features and how to choose the right one

jack russel playng

Jack Russell Terrier is a recognizable and popular dog breed. This is a pet with which you will not be bored for a minute. Russell Terrier is a small terrier that originated from British fox hunting. It is mostly white with a smooth, rough, or broken coat and can be of any color.

Jack Russell Terriers are also known as Parson Russell Terriers (see American Kennel Club) and Russell Terriers, a short-legged, stocky breed (the International Canine Federation, the “Russell Terrier” is also known as the “Jack Russell Terrier”). They are often confused. “.) The term ‘Jack Russell’ originates from a Russell Terrier who is 20-30 cm (8-12 in) tall. Each breed has different physical proportions according to national breed club standards.

What does a Jack Russell Terrier look like: the dog's features and how to choose the right one 18

Short Information

·        Breed Name: Jack Russell Terrier

·        Country of Origin: UK

·        Time of origin of the breed: the first half of the XIX century

·        Weight: 5-7 kg

·        Height (height at the withers): 25-30 cm

·        Lifespan: 13-16 years

Basic Moment

the Jack Russell
Jack Russell running

• Jack Russell Terriers are only suitable for people who lead an active lifestyle and can provide their pets with regular exercise.

• Dogs have strong bonds with their owners and other family members and crave solitude.

• Contrary to the image reproduced in the movies, Jack Russell Terriers are not always sweet and kind. They need experienced owners who are willing to spend a lot of time training them.

• In urban apartments, the loud, loud barking necessary for hunting can conflict with neighbors.

• Representatives of this breed do not require complex care, standard hygiene procedures and regular veterinary visits are sufficient.

History of the Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier in Park
Jack Russell Terrier dressed up in dog harness

Jack Russell Terriers were once famous for working as digging dogs, but modern breeders have not systematically developed the inherent hunting instincts in these playful puppies. In the 20th century, they became loyal, fun companions and real favorites of families accustomed to spending their free time actively.

Some breeds have coexisted with humans for a long time, and only genetics can reliably determine their ancestry. Their first mention can be found in the Roman chronicles of the time of Caesar’s campaign against Albion.

However, the closer we get to the present, the more documented evidence we have, so today Jack Russell doubts that his terrier owes his terrier to a very particular lover, John “Jack” Russell. neither Following his family tradition, he became a priest and led a small congregation in the south of England, but this man’s real passion was not to serve the church but to hunt and breed dogs for it. was to do A landmark conference took place in John’s final year at Oxford University’s Exeter College. On one walk, he saw a dog that embodied the ideal qualities of a true fox hunt: compact size, excitement, alertness, and fearlessness. The treasure belonged to a local milkman who could not fully appreciate the above advantages, so the first owner quickly handed the playing cards over to a nagging student. With this Trump, which is how the English Trump is translated, years of selection work began.

Outwardly, of course, the ancestry of the breed is not very similar to the current “Jack”. Similarity can only be seen in color. Against the dominant white background dark spots stand out on the eyes, ears, and the base of the hooked tail. Most likely, the extinct English White Terrier lived in the family.

I must say that when breeding new breeds, pastors used various representatives of burrowing dogs. Exact data on gene pool experiments are not available, as breeders either did not keep written diaries or simply did not survive. Researchers believe that the old-fashioned Fox Terrier, Borders, Lakeland, Irish Terrier, and Scottish Koa have left their mark on the breed’s origins. Russell emphasized improving the working capacity of the offspring and did not believe that puppies should be screened for skull shape or tail set. A short-legged pet won the passionate love of all surrounding hunters. The pastor himself was involved in boxing (a very demanding sport as no protective gloves were used in the 19th century), but he was not prone to cruelty and was seen by his fellows who mixed dogfighting blood with terriers. publicly denounced the breeder. For John, hunting for Performs was incompatible with killing or seriously injuring the game. As a primary goal, he saw a speed and endurance competition between the fox and his animals. Russell’s Terrier didn’t need the ferocious, powerful jaws of a bulldog.

The Reverend’s achievements in breeding and popularizing terriers did not go unnoticed. In 1873 he, along with his Sewallis Shirley and a dozen or so of his like-minded people, helped found the English His Kennel Club, now known as the oldest Kennel Club. In the years that followed, John Russell was invited to the show as a judge but did not exhibit his pet, calling it a wild rosehip with a backdrop of greenhouse roses. It was not in favor of the latter.

John Russell, who devoted most of his life to breeding dogs, died at the age of 87 and was buried in the village of Swanbridge. He was so aggressive in selling puppies and adult dogs that the breeder had only four dogs at the time of his death.

The development of this breed was continued by a young colleague Arthur Heinemann. He was the author of the first draft of the breed standard. In 1914 the Parson Jack Russell Terrier Club (Person means “priest”) was founded and continued into the 1940s. In the mid-20th century, Russell Terriers began crossbreeding with Dachshunds and Welsh Corgis to improve their personality and performance qualities. As a result, not only “classics” appeared, but also short-legged animals. The latter has long been viewed as undesirable and, in the eyes of the jury, lost all to his brother.

It is unclear how the fate of the “side branch” would have developed if a few short-legged dogs had not made it to the Green Continent in the 1960s. Although they didn’t want to, they appreciated the energy and quick wit of their new pet and developed the breed with great enthusiasm.

The Kennel Club and his formal recognition by the FCI came in 1990. Both types of dogs have since been included in the International Canine Organization criteria under the common name Parson Jack Russell Terrier. However, British and Australian activists did not stop to achieve the distinction, and in 2001 two criteria were adopted: the Parson Russell Terrier (a square-bodied, long-legged animal) and the Jack Russell Terrier (short-legged). square body). elongated body).

hunting qualities

A working Jack Russell Terrier emerges from a lair.

Like many other representatives of the terrier group, Jack Russell terriers were bred to participate in hunting for small burrowing games. Of course, terriers do not have enough speed and strength to track and pursue them, but British foxhounds or other hunting dogs coped with this task admirably, but in underground shelters Breaking in and forcing the “fugitive” to leave him in battle. There is no equivalent stubborn compact strongman.

We have already mentioned that the Jack Russell Terrier earned its reputation as an excellent digging dog not because of its ferocity, but because of its sonorous voice and high intelligence. Not only did they understand the hunter’s strategy in certain situations and focused on different horn signals, but they also made their own decisions that helped conserve energy without sacrificing efficiency.

Since its inception, Jack’s has been an integral part of British rural life. However, even though fox hunting has been officially banned in Scotland since 2002 and in England and Wales since 2005, fox hunting has been part of the country’s cultural heritage for many. The badger is now protected by conservation groups. There are still hunting areas in southern Spain where a game can be hunted on horseback, but in most European countries there are no uninhabited areas with suitable scenery, so the tradition is history.

But since innate instincts cannot be so easily overridden as centuries-old rituals, the four-legged “townsfolk” can chase the spawned cats or strike at the base of a tree in the nearest park. Never miss an opportunity to dig a hole. walk.

Jack Russell Terrier look

jack Russell Terrier Eddi Jumping
Jack Russell Terriers playing with a ball

Jack He Russell He Terrier is a small but powerfully built dog. The height at the withers is 25-30 cm. There are no strict weight standards, but experts note that the Jack Russell Terrier is harmonious and for every 5 cm of growth he weighs 1 kg.


The silhouette of the Jack Russell Terrier is strictly rectangular and elongated (the length from the withers to the base of the tail is longer than the height of the withers).


The skull is flat and moderately wide. The nose is slightly shorter than a skull. The transition from forehead to muzzle is well defined, but not very pronounced.


Be careful. black lag. The nostrils are well developed and open.


Almond-shaped, dark. The eyelids are not protruding, adjacent to the eyeball, and have a black edge.

Teeth And Jaw

The Jack Russell Terrier’s jaws should be strong, powerful, and with strong teeth. scissor bite. The lips are black and tightly closed.


“Button” or hanging. Small and broken in front. Very flexible and 180° rotatable. V-shaped tip.


Strong, clean, and clear lines.


Croup is even. The loin is short, strong, and muscular. The back is strong and rather narrow.


Not wide but deep. The ribs are strongly prominent at the base and noticeably flattened on the sides. The circumference of the ribs behind the elbow is 40-43 cm.


The Jack Russell Terrier’s tail hangs down when it is stationary, but rises steadily when it moves.

Front Leg

It is the same whether viewed from the front or the side. Straight, well placed under the body. The scapula has a good posterior slope and does not strain the muscles.

Hind Legs

Powerful and muscular. The knee joints are strongly bent and the hocks are deep. Parallel metatarsal bones when viewed from behind.


It’s small, round, and well padded. fix. The fingers are moderately rounded.


The Jack Russell Terrier has three types of coat: hard, straight, and kinked. It should be well protected from bad weather.


It has mostly black spots on a white background. The color of the spots varies from black to dark chestnut to red.

Jack Russell Terrier personality

Jack Russell jump
2002 USDAA National/World Champion – 12″ Division

The Jack Russell Terrier is a real permanent cell. He cannot physically sit in the same place for long periods and get bored while waiting for a match. She knows the rules of conduct in the house very well and can consciously violate them to at least provoke a reaction from the owners who are addicted to their favorite series or new book.

It is important to remember the high intelligence of pets. Physical activity must be accompanied by mental activity. Otherwise, any activity will quickly become boring. Swap toys with your team and comes up with new activities.

In general, the breed is characterized by a cheerful and friendly disposition. Jack Russell Terriers are great for families where children are old enough to treat their pets like teddy bears. Aggression without reason is shown only by upbringing dogs that have made serious mistakes from an early age. Due to the hunter gene, representatives of this breed do not get along well with other animals in the house. Neighborhoods with rodents are particularly undesirable, as Jack Russells are famous pied pipers, but they can also pose problems for cats. ), due to their courageous and headstrong nature, they always try to dominate and always try to skirmish.

Education and training

Jack Russell catching ball
Jack Russell Terriers have a high level of energy.

Jack Russell Terriers are smart, independent, and hungry for leadership by nature, and are best served by an experienced owner. If you feel unsatisfied with your new family member’s personality, seek advice and help from a professional dog handler as soon as possible.

Early socialization of puppies is important in the future so that puppies can live peacefully with their families (including children and the elderly) and other pets, and they can be easily socialized by guests and casual passers-by during walks. show no aggression towards

Stubbornness, loud barking, damage to household items, fear of being alone, digging, and chasing small animals are considered the main behavioral problems of the Jack Russell Terrier. All could be fixed with good care from the owner. Dogs will only show the worst sides of their personality if they don’t put up any resistance or think that this is the only way to get their owner’s attention.

This breed is great for training. The main thing in this is to be patient, remember the reward, and not raise your voice. Establishing owner authority is very important, but it can and should be done calmly and decisively. Pets should respect you, listen to you, and not be afraid.

Care and maintenance

Broken Coated Jack Russell Terrier
What does a Jack Russell Terrier look like: the dog's features and how to choose the right one 19

Despite the Jack Russell’s compact size, keeping it in an urban apartment poses some challenges. The dog is too active to walk for 15 minutes in the morning and evening to satisfy his need for exercise. Lacking training, they expend extra energy on destructive pranks. As a result, the owner’s furniture, appliances, floors, shoes, and clothing can be damaged. Jack Russell her terrier should understand that this is not an act of revenge or deliberate vandalism, but simply an attempt to engage in something in the absence of the owner. Therefore, you should do this to find time for long and meaningful walks before walking for a few hours. From an early age, pets should know where they belong. Choose a location that is protected from drafts and not too close to heat sources. You should buy a natural mattress that is strong enough to withstand the onslaught of powerful teeth. The toy should be kept nearby for Jack Russell her terrier to chew on after she wakes up.

Grooming isn’t too much of a hassle, but this breed will shed year-round if kept indoors. Only wire-haired terriers need trimming with special tools, the rest need regular brushing. Frequent bathing is contraindicated as it damages the animal’s natural protective layers of fur and skin. After walking, it is enough to wipe your feet with a damp towel or napkin.

You should brush your teeth with special toothpaste once or twice a week. Check and clean your ears twice a month. The Jack Russell Terrier’s dietary requirements are standard. Either premium and super-premium foods, or balanced whole foods. In the latter case, the ratio of meat (beef, veal, chicken, offal) to vegetable ingredients should be 2:1.

Health and disease of the Jack Russell Terrier

Rough Coated Jack Russell Terrier
Example of a Coarse-Coated Jack Russell Terrier.

In general, the Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy and hardy breed. However, they are immune to many congenital and acquired diseases.

• Osteochondrosis of the femoral head (Perthes disease) presents as permanent or intermittent lameness in puppies between 4 and 10 months of age.

• Kneecap dislocation.

• Hip dysplasia does not bypass terriers, although large breeds are more commonly considered a risk group.

• Hearing loss.

• Heart disease;


• Genetic defects in the development of the sclera, choroid, retina, optic nerve, and retinal blood vessels – the so-called collie eye anomaly.

• To keep your pet healthy and improve their quality of life as they age, see your veterinarian regularly and follow their recommendations. Do not self-medicate with symptoms of various diseases.

How To Choose A Puppy

Jack Russell Terriers were once famous for working as digging dogs, but modern breeders have not systematically developed the inherent hunting instincts in these playful puppies. In the 20th century, they became loyal, fun companions and real favorites of families accustomed to spending their free time actively.

The appearance of the Jack Russell Terrier on movie screens and in glossy magazine photo reports from the lives of celebrities did not affect the breed in the best way. Many unscrupulous breeders have emerged who want to make a profit by selling popular animals and don’t care about gene pools or raising babies at all.

It is very important to purchase puppies only from breeders with impeccable reputations and the best kennels. Of course, such a Jack Russell will cost more, but in the future, you will have to deal with uncontrollable dog behavior or spend free time in clinics due to genetic health problems. there is no.

When meeting Jack Her Russell Her Terrier for the first time, it is important to pay attention to the behavior of the chosen puppy. He should be playful, energetic, and sociable. Lethargy, lethargy, and anorexia indicate poor health, while aggression and fear of the outside world indicate mental instability. Do not ignore the condition of mother and baby. Cleanliness, sufficient space, and the presence of toys indicate a responsible attitude of the breeder, as well as the presence of official documentation and regular vaccinations.

Photos of Jack Russell Terrier puppies